Berthier Model 1907 15
Fusil Mle 1907/15
Manufactured by Remington
Serial No: No Visible Number
The Berthier was originally introduced as a partial replacement
for the French 1886 Lebel rifle.
The Lebel, a revolutionary concept at the time of its
introduction because of its smokeless high-velocity, small-caliber cartridge,
still used a tube-fed magazine and other details carried over from black-powder
designs. By 1900, the Lebel was already obsolete in comparison to other
newer magazine-fed rifles
Named after its inventor, Andre Berthier, a French civilian
engineer in the Algerian railways, the Berthier's three-shot vertical-feed
Mannlicher-type en bloc magazine could be loaded by clips, greatly increasing
reloading speed, a particular convenience for cavalry and other mounted
At the outbreak of World War I, the Model 1907 Berthier
rifle was modified for mass production, resulting in the Model 07/15.
The sights, barrel band, and stacking hook were simplified to increase
the rate of production. While the original 1907 rifle incorporated a cruciform
bayonet, the 07/15 was modified to take the same bayonet as the Lebel,
simplifying supply. The turned-down bolt handle was changed to a simpler
Remington UMC also contracted to produce a French
Army order for 250,000 Mle 1907/15 rifles.
The contract between French government & Remington
was signed in the spring of 1915, it specified Remington would supply
250,000 Berthier Rifles & Bayonets
at a production rate of 200 per day. The first delivery of 1000 rifles
was due June 12th 1916
Remington had difficulty meeting the scheduled production rates for the
Machinery required for large scale production wasn’t in place forcing
much slower production processes to be used.
Production rate should have been 200 rifles per day, Remington was only
achieving 18 complete rifles per day.
Slow deliveries, lack of interchangeability & the French adoption
of the Model 1916 rifle were the main reason that the French cancelled
the contract later in1916,
by this time production at Remington was between 10,000 & 20,000 rifles.
Not all of these Remington manufactured rifles were received by the French,
the arsenal at Chatellerault only received 9,440 rifles.
A small number were purchased by the US government to be used as training
or second line weapons, others were sold in the 1930s.
During WWI Remington had taken on far too many contracts that its production
plant just couldn’t meet.
Great Britain ordered 1,000,000 P14 Rifles – Only 403,117 were delivered.
Russia ordered 1,500,00 Mosin Nagant Rifle – Only 508,000 were delivered.
France Ordered 250,00 Berthier Rifles – Estimated production somewhere
between 10,000 – 20,000 Rifles of which only 9,440 were actually
This example does not have a serial number which is correct, serial numbers
were applied when inspected & accepted at the French Ordnance Depot.
No Serial Number means it was not issued or accepted in to French service
This example is in Excepetional Unissued Condition