One of Several Finnish M91 & M24 Mosin Nagants we have just aquired
At the time of the Russian revolution Finland was under
the rule of the Tsar. When Nicholas II was deposed Finland declared its
independence and defeated the Russian forces in Finland, but retained
stores of arms. With an urgent need to build an army to defend itself
from the real threat of Russia and having huge stock piles of captured
Mosins already on hand it only made sense to adopt it as the primary rifle.
The condition ranged from serviceable to “parts guns”. With
an abundance of spare parts it was only natural to use them to build “new”
rifles that could be put to use. In 1925 Finland began production of barrels
at Tikkakoski (Tikka) which were assembled into M91 configuration with
dates of 1925, 1926, and 1927. The later 1926 and all 1927 barrels were
a heavier type with a step near the muzzle to allow the use of the standard
Finnish M91s have the same type sights as the Russian Konovalov design of 1908. The primary difference is the Finns remarked the rear sight bases in meters utilizing the existing notches. Occasionally an extra notch is cut at the rear of the base and is marked 2 (200 meters). Typically the numbers are placed on the right side of the base which was left blank by the Russians, but there are lots of variations in the manner of the numbering and how the existing Russian numbers were treated.
This is a really nice example of a Finnish Capture
Imperial Tula M91 Rifle
The bore is in shootable condition and has some
loss of brightness & light frosting,
The barrel is dated 1897 and bears the Imperial Tula manufacturers mark. The barrel also bears the "SA" mark which is an abbreviation of Suomen Armeija (Finnish Army) and used as a property mark. Another mark found on the chamber is the "D" mark. This indicates that the throat of the rifle was opened up to allow use of the Finnish D166 round which required more room for the larger ogive of the bullet.
The rear sight is the original Russian Russian Konovalov
design of 1908, converted to metres on the right hand side and has the
less common 200 Metre setting as well.
The barrel is counterbored which is perfectly correct for an original captured rifle and was usually undertaken in the Finnish state arsenals
The Stock on this example bears a feint stock manufacturers mark which I have yet to identify
For a rifle that is 120 years old next year, it is remarkable it is still in shooting condition considering the wars & conflicts it has proably seen