Highwood Classic Arms

British & Commonwealth

Classic Military Rifles



Mosin Nagant Model 1891
Fininish Capture

Serial No 28891
Calibre 7.62x54mm

Rare Finnish M24 Model

At the time of the Russian revolution Finland was under the rule of the Tsar. When Nicholas II was deposed Finland declared its independence and defeated the Russian forces in Finland, but retained stores of arms. With an urgent need to build an army to defend itself from the real threat of Russia and having huge stock piles of captured Mosins already on hand it only made sense to adopt it as the primary rifle. The condition ranged from serviceable to “parts guns”. With an abundance of spare parts it was only natural to use them to build “new” rifles that could be put to use.

One of the earliest Finnish rebuilding programs was undertaken by the Civil Guard. The rifles were designated M24 and are the same basic pattern as the Russian M91. The funding for these rifles was raised by the Civil Guard Auxiliary known as the Lotta Svard and they are often known as “Lotta Rifles”. New barrels were purchased from the Swiss firm SIG and from three German firms. The SIG barrels are marked "Schweiz-Industrie Gesellschaft Neuhausen" on the right of the chamber above the woodline. The German barrels are marked "Bohler-Stahl" on the bottom of the barrel with no distinction between makers. All M24 barrels are undated and have the Civil Guard crest of an S topped with three fir sprigs in a shield on the chamber. All German barrels and the majority of Swiss barrels are heavier than the standard M91 barrel and have a "step" near the muzzle to accommodate a standard bayonet.

Finnish M91 & M24 have the same type sights as the Russian Konovalov design of 1908. The primary difference is the Finns remarked the rear sight bases in meters utilizing the existing notches. Occasionally an extra notch is cut at the rear of the base and is marked 2 (200 meters). Typically the numbers are placed on the right side of the base which was left blank by the Russians, but there are lots of variations in the manner of the numbering and how the existing Russian numbers were treated.


This is a really nice example of a Finnish Capture M91 Rifle

Later rebuilt as the Finnish M24

The bore is in good condition

This is the longer rifle same as the 1891 example and not to be confused with the more common 1891/30 shorter rifle

The original Civil Guard number is still visible.

The stock is the finnish two piece birch type with escutcheon plate with round hole and sling hangers, the top hand guard has copper rivets.

The barrel is the German Bohler-Stahl stepped heavy type and is marked with the Civil Guard crest of an S topped with three
fir sprigs in a shield on the chamber.

The rear sight has been remarked to metres.
The trigger is standard but with a mousetrap spring added, which is a Finnish improvement, they dont always survive, so its nice to see intact.
The two brass shims that sit between the action & fore-end are still intact.

For a rifle that is 100+ years old , it is remarkable it is still in shooting condition considering the wars & conflicts it has proably seen.

A Rare Rifle In The Uk