Highwood Classic Arms

British & Commonwealth

Classic Military Rifles



Finnish - Mosin Nagant - Model 1891
M91 - M24
Serial No 16466
Date 1898

Very Good Condition

This is the M91 Long Rifle

At the time of the Russian revolution Finland was under the rule of the Tsar. When Nicholas II was deposed Finland declared its independence and defeated the Russian forces in Finland, but retained stores of arms.

With an urgent need to build an army to defend itself from the real threat of Russia and many Mosins already on hand it only made sense to adopt it as the primary rifle.

Between WWI and WWII Finland actively traded other types of rifles in their inventory with countries across Europe and Asia for Mosins which they had captured. The condition ranged from serviceable to “parts guns”.

With an abundance of spare parts it was only natural to use them to build “new” rifles that could be put to use.
From 1922 to 1924 Suomen Ampumataruikehdas made a small number of M91s

Finnish M91s can be found with a mix of features on rifles of any age as there were no set standards, especially during later refurbishment.


The Finnish M91 - M24

One of the earliest Finnish rebuilding programs was undertaken by the Civil Guard. The rifles were designated M24 and are the same basic pattern as the Russian M91.
The funding for these rifles was raised by the Civil Guard Auxiliary known as the Lotta Svard and they are often known as “Lotta Rifles”. New barrels were purchased from the Swiss firm SIG and from three German firms. The SIG barrels are marked "Schweiz-Industrie Gesellschaft Neuhausen" on the right of the chamber above the woodline. The German barrels are marked "Bohler-Stahl" on the bottom of the barrel with no distinction between makers.
All M24 barrels are undated and have the Civil Guard crest of an S topped with three fir sprigs in a shield on the chamber.
All German barrels and the majority of Swiss barrels are heavier than the standard M91 barrel and have a "step" near the muzzle to accommodate a standard bayonet.

The Barrel is marked: SA = Suomen Armeija (Finnish Army) property mark

The Serial number stamped in two positions on the barrel, top & side. The serial number on the left side is cancelled as is the Civil Guard number.

The original rear sight on on this example has had the original Russian arshini distances cancelled out, with new distances on the right side metres.

Before Finnish rebuild this was originally a Tula 1898 dated rifle

This example has matching serial number on the bolt & very good shooting grade bore

*** Note: The correct Variation for a Mosin Nagant is "7.62" or "7.62x54". A variation for a "7.62/308" is Not Valid For Mosin Nagants ***

Mosin Nagnat M91