The main production facilities were the Manufacture d'Armes de St Etienne or MAS and the Manufacture d'Armes de Chatellerault or MAC
The first Berthier carbine came into production as the "Carabine de Cavalerie Modèle 1890", which was officially adopted for service on March 14, 1890.
A second version was specifically produced for artillery
service, the "Mousqueton Mle 1892" which could mount a short
blade bayonet and thus
These were still used in the 1970s by the French Police
& other Goverment Agencies